The 101 On Gum Disease

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Proper brushing and regular visits to your dentist are imperative for healthy teeth and gums. Unfortunately, discoloration, tooth decay, bad breath, and cavities are common even in patients who practice good oral hygiene habits and visit their dentist on a regular schedule. While many issues affect your smile's appearance, other conditions can lead become serious health concerns. Considering half of American adults suffer from gum disease, learning the signs of this dangerous condition is smart. Using this guide, you will learn the signs for gum disease and determine the best treatment for the condition.

Gum Disease: How and Why

Brushing twice a day is necessary for clean smiles, but it is also important for removing the plaque that builds up on the surface of your teeth. This film sticks to your teeth, which can lead to unappealing stains. Of course, the real concern of plaque is the bacteria.

Bacteria contain acidic properties that erode the surface enamel of your teeth. This damage to your enamel increases your risk of cavities, tooth decay, and gingivitis, and early stage of gum disease.

Signs of Gum Disease

In most cases, gum disease does not cause pain, so many patients are not aware they have the condition. However, there are some physical signs of gum disease. If you are experiencing the following signs, consult your dentist at a site like immediately:

After a series of x-rays and a routine visual exam, your dentist will determine if you have gum disease.

Minor Treatments

The best treatment will depend on your specific case of gum disease. To treat an early stage of gum disease, or gingivitis, one of the following options are available:

Major Treatments

Treating gingivitis is an easy process, but surgeries and medications are often necessary for more involved cases of gum disease. Here are a few options to consider:

Treatment for Tooth Loss

Gum disease causes 70 percent of adult tooth loss due to the condition's decay, infection, and cavities.  Of course, your smile does not have to be missing one or more teeth. Repairing your smile is possible using implants.

Dental implants are realistic and durable options for patients who prefer a permanent tooth replacement.  After extracting affected teeth, your dentist will surgically place an implant in the jawbone. The implant holds one or more artificial teeth, which are fabricated in a lab to match your existing teeth.

If implant surgery is not appealing, consider replacing your teeth with removable dentures or a partial bridge.

It is important to note that gum disease is a serious condition that requires professional treatment. Using this guide, you will understand the causes, signs, and best treatment options for your specific case of gum disease.